PATRIC April 2011 Release Offers an Abundance of New and Enhanced Website Features, Tools, and Data

Published on 2011-04-22

Website Enhancements

Enhanced Protein Family Sorter Can Now Sort Based on Gene Order

  • The Heatmap Viewer associated with the protein family sorter now allows one to choose a reference genome to act as an anchor and then sort all the protein families based on the gene order in that genome. This functionality allows the user to quickly identify groups of contiguous genes present or absent in one or more of the selected genomes.  In addition, the user can quickly visualize areas of loss or gain of genomic segments across genomes that are closely or more distantly related.  Some of these areas may correspond to pathogenicity islands.
  • The color scheme of the Heatmap has been changed to improve visual field differentiation,
  • Advanced filters have been added that allow the user to search for perfect or non-perfect protein families and filter them by the number of members and/or genomes per protein family.

For an example, please visit the following page and click on the “Heatmap” tab:

Improved Comparative Pathway Analysis with New Heatmap Viewer

  • A new interactive feature that shows the presence or absence of EC numbers in pathways has been added.  This feature is in the form of a Heatmap Viewer and it allows users to see the presence or absence of individual EC numbers within a pathway, with the ability to make comparisons across a wide number of genomes.
  • In addition, the data supporting the Heatmap visualization, such as the individual locus tags or the presence/absence across genomes of interest, is available for download by users.

For an example, please visit the following page and click on the “Heatmap” tab:

Save Your PATRIC Data With Our New User Registration, Login, and Workspace

Users of PATRIC can now register and create their own user-accounts. During registration, you can subscribe to the PATRIC Newsletter where you’ll receive updates about data and software releases, upcoming workshops, grant solicitations, presentations, and meetings. Once registered, logging into your personal PATRIC account allows you to save and manage the data groups you’ve gathered throughout the PATRIC site to your personal Workspace. Future Workspace plans include allowing users to save their preferences, thereby customizing searching and browsing at PATRIC, and allowing users to upload their personal data in PATRIC and incorporate it into our various visualization and analysis tools.

To read about the benefits of registration and register as a PATRIC user, please visit:

New Integrated Text Mining

Text mining capability, previously provided in PATRIC by the standalone tool KLEIO, is now integrated as a component of the enhanced literature search and text mining feature.  The text mining results are delivered using technology developed in conjunction with the UK National Text Mining Centre (NaCTeM).  Text mining results are based on indexes of UK Medline abstracts and identify key entities from that text such as genes, proteins, metabolites, drugs, diseases, symptoms, and other entities of interest. For a taxon, genome, or gene of interest, results are available under the “Literature” tab. Results are summarized by entity types and allow progressive filtering of the results. Abstracts are also provided with key entities highlighted in different colors.

For an example, select the Text Mining tab at:

PATRIC Now Has YouTube Tutorial and Use Case Videos

Tutorials focus on general site navigation and features while Use Cases offer more in-depth examples of gathering and analyzing data within PATRIC.  Videos are available on PATRIC’s YouTube page.

Videos can also be accessed from the About menu in the top navigation bar of the PATRIC website or by visiting PATRIC News

New Searches and Tools

Compare Region Viewer

The new Compare Region Viewer, implemented using JBrowse and data APIs provided by the SEED, allows researchers to compare genomic regions around a gene of interest across other closely related genomes. Using this viewer, one can quickly detect differences in translation start sites, potential frame shifts, or missing genes. Coloring is based on protein functions and allows users to visually group proteins with similar functions. Users can also change the size of the region and number of genomes compared.   This viewer can be accessed via the Compare Region Viewer tab available on feature-level pages.

For an example see:

Host-Pathogen Interactions

PATRIC now offers a Host-Pathogen Interactions Search, which allows users to find and visualize networks of experimentally-confirmed, protein-protein interactions that occur between host and bacterial proteins. Interaction data are collected from multiple public resources, including BIND, DIP, GRID, IntAct, and MINT. Search tools allow users to combine interaction networks from up to 12 bacteria, and also to filter according to interaction type, detection method, and original source. Results are displayed as an interactive graph and as a table of pairs of interacting proteins. From either display, users can select subsets of the data for download, alignment, and other actions; alternatively, bacterial proteins can be saved to groups for later use.

The Host-Pathogen Interactions Search can be accessed from the Searches and Tools menu in the top navigation bar of the PATRIC website or by visiting:

ID Mapping Tool

PATRIC’s new ID Mapping Tool is powered by UniProt’s ID Mapping service. It allows users to quickly map PATRIC identifiers to those from other prominent external databases such as GenBank, RefSeq, EMBL, UniProt, KEGG, etc. Alternatively, users can start with list of external database identifiers and map them to the corresponding features at PATRIC.

The ID Mapping tool can be accessed from the Searches and Tools menu in the top navigation bar of the PATRIC website or by visiting:

This same ID Mapping tool is also available from the light blue Table Toolbar on any of the search results or feature tables found throughout the PATRIC site. Any feature(s) from tables or search results can be selected.  Then clicking the “Map IDs” icon in the Table Toolbar and selecting an external database will instantly convert these feature identifiers to their corresponding identifiers in the database that was selected.

For an example see:,accession,start_max&sS=All&fT=CDS&alg=PATRIC&kW=

Genomes and Annotations

Between PATRIC’s Feburary 2011 release and April 2011, 132 new genomes have been added and 23 genomes have been updated or replaced with the newer versions. In total, 115 new genomes have been annotated using RAST.

Twelve genomes previously present in PATRIC have since become obsolete and were removed from the website. In addition, the Legacy BRC annotations from 49 genomes have been removed from the database and newer versions of these genomes have been updated with both RefSeq and RAST annotations.

These Legacy BRC annotations are still available, but are now found under the file download tab:

A Sequence Summary of the data currently available on the PATRIC website through April, 2011 is provided in the table below:

Total Count

PATRIC Annotation

Legacy BRC Annotation

RefSeq Annotation

Number of Genomes





Number of Complete Genomes





Number of WGS Genomes





Number of Plasmid-only Genomes




View this Sequence Summary in addition to Genomic and Protein Feature Summaries  on the PATRIC website: