Fastq Utilities Service

Overview

The Fastq Utilities Service provides the capability for aligning, measuring base call quality, and trimming fastq read files to estimate quality. Fastq reads (paired-or single-end, long or short, zipped or not), as well as Sequence Read Archive accession numbers are supported. The three components (trim, fastqc and align) can be used independently, or in any combination.

Using the Fastq Utilities Service

The Fastq Utilities submenu option under the Services main menu (Genomics category) opens the Fastq Utilities input form (shown below). Note: You must be logged into PATRIC to use this service.

Fastq Utilities Menu

Options

Fastq Utilities Input Form

Parameters

Output Folder: The workspace folder where results will be placed.

Output Name: User-provided name used to uniquely identify results.

Pipeline

Select Action Dropdown box with options for specifying the steps for processing the reads. Each step can be added in any desired order:

  • Trim - Uses Trim Galore to find and remove adapters, leaving the relevant part of the read.

  • Fastqc - Uses FastQC to do quality checks on the raw sequence data.

  • Align - Aligns genomes using Bowtie2 to generate BAM files, saving unmapped reads, and generating SamStat reports of the amount and quality of alignments.

Paired read library

Read File 1 & 2: Many paired read libraries are given as file pairs, with each file containing half of each read pair. Paired read files are expected to be sorted such that each read in a pair occurs in the same Nth position as its mate in their respective files. These files are specified as READ FILE 1 and READ FILE 2. For a given file pair, the selection of which file is READ 1 and which is READ 2 does not matter.

Single read library

Read File: The fastq file containing the reads

SRA run accession

Allows direct upload of read files from the NCBI Sequence Read Archive to the service. Entering the SRR accession number and clicking the arrow will add the file to the selected libraries box for use in the service.

Selected libraries

Read files placed here will contribute to a single assembly.

Buttons

Reset: Clicking this button resets the input form to default values

Assemble: Clicking this button launches the assembly job.

Output Results

Note: Extensive descriptions of the output files and options are provided in the Fastq Utilities Service Tutorial.

Trim

Fastq Utilities Trim Output Files

The Trim option generates several files that are deposited in the Private Workspace in the designated Output Folder. These include, for each read file,

  • xxx.fastq_trimming_report.txt - Report file with information on parameters used, adaptor sequences found, reads / base pairs processed, removed sequences, and statistics.

  • xxx_val_1.fq.gz - trimmed read files.

FastQC

Fastq Utilities FastQC Output Files

The FastQC option generates several files that are deposited in the Private Workspace in the designated Output Folder. These include, for each read file,

  • xxx_fastqc.html - Web-friendly report file that provides information on the quality of the read file, with information on basic statistics, per base sequence quality, per tile sequence quality, per sequence quality scores, per base seqeunce content, per sequence GC content, and per base N content.

Align

Fastq Utilities Align Output Files

The Align option generates several files that are deposited in the Private Workspace in the designated Output Folder. These include

  • xxx.bam - Compressed binary version of a SAM (Sequence Alignment/Map) file that is used to represent aligned sequences.

  • xxx.bam.bai - Index of the corresponding BAM file.

  • xxx.bam.samstat.html - Web-friendly SAMStat report for the alignment job with the MAPQ statistics.

  • xxx.unmapped#.fq.gz - File containing all the reads from each read file that did not map to aligned to the target genome.

Action buttons

After selecting one of the output files by clicking it, a set of options becomes available in the vertical green Action Bar on the right side of the table. These include

  • Hide/Show: Toggles (hides) the right-hand side Details Pane.

  • Guide Link to the corresponding User Guide

  • Download: Downloads the selected item.

  • View Displays the content of the file, typically as plain text or rendered html, depending on filetype.

  • Delete Deletes the file.

  • Rename Allows renaming of the file.

  • Copy: Copies the selected items to the clipboard.

  • Move Allows moving of the file to another folder.

  • Edit Type Allows changing of the type of the file in terms of how PATRIC interprets the content and uses it in other services or parts of the website. Allowable types include unspecified, contigs, nwk, reads, differential expression input data, and differential expression input metadata.

More details are available in the Action Buttons user guide.

References

  1. Krueger, F., Trim Galore: a wrapper tool around Cutadapt and FastQC to consistently apply quality and adapter trimming to FastQ files, with some extra functionality for MspI-digested RRBS-type (Reduced Representation Bisufite-Seq) libraries. URL http://www.bioinformatics.babraham.ac.uk/projects/trim_galore/. (Date of access: 28/04/2016), 2012.

  2. Martin, M., Cutadapt removes adapter sequences from high-throughput sequencing reads. EMBnet. journal, 2011. 17(1): p. 10-12.

  3. Andrews, S., FastQC: a quality control tool for high throughput sequence data. 2010.

  4. Langmead, B. and S.L. Salzberg, Fast gapped-read alignment with Bowtie 2. Nature methods, 2012. 9(4): p. 357.

  5. Langmead, B., et al., Scaling read aligners to hundreds of threads on general-purpose processors. Bioinformatics, 2018. 35(3): p. 421-432.

  6. Lassmann, T., Y. Hayashizaki, and C.O. Daub, SAMStat: monitoring biases in next generation sequencing data. Bioinformatics, 2010. 27(1): p. 130-131.

  7. Bankevich, A., et al., SPAdes: a new genome assembly algorithm and its applications to single-cell sequencing. Journal of computational biology, 2012. 19(5): p. 455-477.